Hadith · Islam and Today

Signs of Allah

There was a solar eclipse yestetday, November 3rd 2013, which was sighted in various parts of the world. Here in Nigeria, this is what it looked like:

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The eclipse is just one of the many signs of Allah that put His remembrance in our hearts. Some of the sunnah acts during an eclipse are shared below:

ECLIPSE…if it happens what do you do?

Praise be to Allaah.
Allaah says (interpretation of the meaning):
�It is He Who made the sun a shining thing and
the moon as a light and measured out for it
stages that you might know the number of years
and the reckoning. Allaah did not create this but
in truth. He explains the Ayaat in detail for
people who have knowledge.� [Yoonus 10:5]
�And from among His Signs are the night and
the day, and the sun and the moon. Prostrate
yourselves not to the sun� nor to the moon, but
prostrate yourselves to Allaah Who created
them, if you (really) worship Him� (Fussilat
41:37)
Salaat al-Kusoof is Sunnah mu�akkadah (a
confirmed Sunnah) according to the consensus
of the scholars. The daleel (evidence) for this is
the Sunnah reported from the Messenger of
Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him)
Eclipses are signs from Allaah by means of
which Allaah makes His slaves afraid. Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning): �And We sent
not the signs except to warn, and to make them
afraid (of destruction)� [al-Israa� 17:39]
When the sun was eclipsed at the time of the
Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him), he went out rushing
nervously to the mosque, dragging his cloak
behind him, and led the people in prayer. He
told them that the eclipse was one of the signs
of Allaah, with which Allaah makes His slaves
afraid, and that it may be the cause of
punishment coming upon the people. He
commanded them to do that which could
prevent the punishment, so he commanded
them to pray when an eclipse happens, and to
make du�aa�, seek His forgiveness, give
charity,
free slaves and do other righteous deeds so that
the punishment would go away and not befall
the people. So the eclipse is a reminder to
people, making them afraid so that they will
turn back to Allaah and pay attention to Him.
During the Jaahiliyyah, people used to believe
that eclipses happened to mark the birth or
death of a great person, but the Messenger of
Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) declared this belief to be false and
explained the divine wisdom behind the
occurrence of eclipses:
Imaam al-Bukhaari and Muslim narrated that
Ibn Mas�ood al-Ansaari said: �the sun was
eclipsed the day Ibraaheem the son of the
Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) died, and the people
said, �The sun is eclipsed because of the death
of Ibraaheem.� The Messenger of Allaah SAWS
(peace and blessings of Allaah be upon him)
said: �The sun and the moon are two signs from
Allaah, and they do not become eclipsed for the
death or the birth of anyone. If you see that,
hasten to remember Allaah and to pray.��
According to another hadeeth in al-Saheehayn :
�Call on Allaah and pray until [the eclipse] is
over.�
It is reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari that Abu
Moosa said: �These signs that Allaah sends are
not for the death or life of anyone, but Allaah
makes His slaves afraid through them, so if you
see anything of that [eclipses], then hasten to
remember Allaah and call on Him and seek His
forgiveness.�
Allaah causes eclipses to happen to these two
mighty signs, the sun and the moon, to teach
His slaves and show them that these things are
created and are subject to imperfections and
changes just like any other created entities. Thus
He shows them His perfect ability and that He
alone is deserving of worship, as Allaah says
(interpretation of the meaning): �And from
among His Signs are the night and the day, and
the sun and the moon. Prostrate yourselves not
to the sun� nor to the moon, but prostrate
yourselves to Allaah Who created them, if you
(really) worship Him� (Fussilat 41:37)
The time for Salaat al-Kusoof lasts from the
beginning of the eclipse until it is over, because
the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) said: �When you see that, then
pray.� (Agreed upon). According to another
hadeeth, �If you see anything of that, then pray
until it is over.� (Reported by Muslim).
Salaat al-Kusoof should not be done once the
eclipse is over, because the time has gone. If an
eclipse ends before one knows about it, one
does not have to pray, because the reason for
this prayer is no longer there.
The way in which Salaat al-Kusoof is done is to
pray two Rak�ahs in which Qur�aan is recited
aloud, according to the correct one out of the
two scholarly opinions. In the first Rak�ah, one
should recite al-Faatihah and a long soorah such
as Soorat al-Baqarah or the equivalent, then do
a long rukoo�, then raise one’s head and say,
� Sami�a Allaahu liman hamidah, Rabbanaa wa
laka�l-hamd (Allaah listens to the one who
praises Him; our Lord to You be praise)� after
standing upright, as in other prayers. Then one
should then recite al-Faatihah and another long
soorah, shorter than in the first recitation,
equivalent in length to Soorat Aal �Imraan .
Then
one should do another long rukoo� shorter than
the first, and when raising one’s head, say,
� Sami�a Allaahu liman hamidah, Rabbanaa wa
laka�l-hamd hamdan katheeran tayyiban
mubaarakan fih, mal� al-samawaati wa mal� al-
ard wa mal� ma shi�ta min shay�in ba�d
(Allaah
listens to the one who praises Him; our Lord to
You be praise, much good and blessed praise,
filling heaven and earth and whatever You will
besides that).� Then he should do two lengthy
sujoods, without making the sitting between
them too long. Then one should pray the second
rak�ah like the first, with two long rukoo�s and
two long sujoods, as he did in the first rak�ah.
Then he should recite the Tashahhud and say
the salaam.
This is the description of Salaat al-Kusoof as
prayed by the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him), as was
reported with a number of isnaads. Some of
these reports are in al-Saheehayn , including the
hadeeth narrated by �Aa�ishah (may Allaah be
pleased with her): �The sun was eclipsed at the
time of the Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace
and blessings of Allaah be upon him), and the
Messenger of Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings
of Allaah be upon him) went out, stood up and
said Takbeer (�Allaahu akbar�), and the people
formed rows behind him. The Messenger of
Allaah SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be
upon him) recited a lengthy recitation and did a
lengthy rukoo�, then he raised his head and
said, �Sami�a Allaahu liman hamidah,
Rabbanaa
wa laka�l-hamd .� Then he stood upright and
recited another lengthy recitation, shorter than
the first. Then he said �Allaahu akbar� and did
another lengthy rukoo�, shorter than the first.
Then he said, �Sami�a Allaahu liman hamidah,
Rabbanaa wa laka�l-hamd .� Then he did
sujood.
Then in the second rak�ah he did likewise, until
he had completed four rukoo�s and four
sujoods,
and the eclipse was over before he had
finished.� (Agreed upon).
It is sunnah to pray Salaat al-Kusoof in jamaa�ah
(congregation), because this is what the Prophet
SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah be upon
him) did, but it is permissible to pray it
individually, as with all other naafil prayers.
However, praying it in congregation is better.
It is sunnah for the imaam to address the
people after the prayer, and to warn them
against negligence and being led astray, and to
tell them to make lots of du�aa� and ask for
forgiveness. In al-Saheeh it is narrated from
�Aa�ishah (may Allaah be pleased with her)
that
the Prophet SAWS (peace and blessings of Allaah
be upon him) finished his prayer then
addressed the people and started by praising
Allaah then he said, �The sun and the moon are
two of the signs of Allaah, and they do not
become eclipsed for the death or the birth of
anyone. If you see that, then call on Allaah,
perform salaah, give charity��
If the prayer ends before the eclipse does, then
remember Allaah (dhikr) and call on Him
(du�aa�)
until the eclipse ends. The prayer should not be
repeated. If the eclipse ends before the prayer,
then the prayer should be completed quickly,
but it should not be stopped or cut off abruptly,
because Allaah says (interpretation of the
meaning): �and render not vain your
deeds� [Muhammad 47:33] .

  If you missed this prayer yesterday, you can offer it during the next eclipse. It’s not voluntary, but it’s sunnah.
   As we begin another Hijra year today, may Allah (swt) grant us all the barakah in it and Protect is all year round. Ameen.

Maasalam,
HSM

Maasalam!
HSMx

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